These are 2 examples of posters created over the years for Poland's most famous poetic drama, Dziady (Forefathers' Eve), written by Adam Mickiewicz. Considered one of the greatest works of European Romanticism, Dziady is also one of the most widely interpreted and controversial theatrical vehicles in modern Polish history. A ban on Dziady’s performance directed by Kazimierz Dejmek, for example, is considered to have triggered the 1968 Polish political crisis.
Dziady has played a significant role in shaping national identity for many generations of Poles. Depending on the interpretation and the moods of those in power, the play has variously been applauded as heroic and genuine, banned as seditious or blasphemous, and most everything in between.
Vertical Poster by Roman Cieslewicz -- Born in Lwow (now Ukraine) in 1930, Cieslewicz spent the bulk of his career in Poland and France. He studied 1949-1955 at Kracow's ASP under professors M. Makarewicz and J. Karolak. With dozens of international exhibits and awards, Cieslewicz is widely considered one of the foremost graphic designers ever. He finished out his career designing posters, serving as a magazine art director and serving as Professor of Graphic Design at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Arts Decoratifs until his death in Paris in 1996.
Horizontal Poster by Jan Jaromir Aleksiun. Aleksiun was born in Nowa Wilejka, Poland in 1940. He graduated from Wroclaw ASP in 1966. He remains active as an internationally recognized painter and graphic designer.